Thursday, September 18, 2014

One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a spot treatment

Spot treatments can be an effective way to deliver active ingredients to your skin. You don't want to put a lot of ingredients into it - just the ones you really want to use to help a specific skin problem.

I'm thinking of making a skin lightening spot treatment for my mom as she has a spot on her face that she wants to get rid of, and I have a few ingredients that might help with that. I have liquid liquorice root extract, which I can use at 1% to 10% in my product, so let's take a look at how I might do that!

Remember, we're not allowed to make claims that something could whiten your skin or lighten up the look of age spots or other discolourations, so I'm not going to do that. What I will say is that I'm making a spot treatment with liquorice extract or lemon peel extract and I hope it will work in this fashion. I know, it's a roundabout way of saying things, but I can't guarantee this will do anything for anyone's skin as I haven't tested it.

For all of these recipes, first make a thick gel using the carbomer of your choice. (Here's my version of the thick gel!)

90% gel
10% liquorice root extract (liquid)

Mix the liquid extract with the gel and bottle it. Rejoice!

I have another ingredient that might work well as a spot treatment - lemon peel extract, an ingredient that the Formulator Sample Shop* sent to me. It has a usage rate of 0.5% to 2% and it's supposed to be good for lightening skin.

1% lemon peel extract (liquid)
99% gel (thick gel)

Mix the liquid extract with the gel and bottle it. Rejoice!

Are there other spot treatments we could make? Of course! We could make up an acne spot treatment! Let's take a look at that on Monday!

Other posts in this series:
One ingredient, five products: Gels
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an aloe vera gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an eye gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part one)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part two)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part three)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled after shave

*The Formulator Sample Shop sends me samples of their ingredients for free. I am not being compensated in any way to write about their ingredients, and I have made it clear that I will share my opinion, good or bad, with the readers. All the ingredients I use on this blog are purchased with my own wages, unless otherwise indicated. Someone was upset that I said this last line, that I bought my ingredients with my wages, as if I expected the "ingredient fae" (which I think was supposed to be "fairy") to give me stuff. I mention this because I want you, my wonderful readers, to know if there's something that might influence me, like free stuff. I admit I'm biased towards certain suppliers because I've had good experiences with them, but that's usually pretty obvious! 

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an after shave gel

After shave products are all about the astringency and soothing of newly shaved skin, so let's take a look making a gel type product!

I'm basing my product on this post from the cucumber extract series from a few weeks ago. Click here to find why I used each ingredient, and click here to see the after shave spray with minimally processed ingredients.

I'm adding a bit of water soluble olive oil to the mix as an emollient, and we'll add a bit more panthenol to the mix to offer more wound healing and skin barrier repair. Feel free to substitute the distilled water for aloe vera or other hydrosols. (Check how your carbomer works with electrolytes to make sure it can handle more aloe vera!)

As another note, make sure you are using distilled water in this recipe as it won't be heated and held.

51.4% distilled water
20% witch hazel
10% peppermint hydrosol
5% water soluble oil or ester
5% liquid cucumber extract or 0.5% powdered extract (add 4.5% distilled water)
2% sodium PCA
2% hydrolyzed silk protein
2% panthenol
1.2% carbomer
0.9% triethanolamine (TEA)
0.5% chamomile extract
0.5% liquid Germall Plus (or preservative of choice)

Dissolve the powdered chamomile extract or other powdered extract in a bit of distilled water water, then add to the rest of the ingredients. Mix in the carbomer and allow it to become wetted. Wait 5 minutes or the requisite period of time for your carbomer, then add the TEA or 18% lye solution. Stir well. Bottle. Make sure it's a bottle you can squish because it's hard to get gel into a container!

This product would be suitable for an after shave for all parts of your body, but use your common sense and try a small spot to see how you will react as every body's different!

As an aside, I really like this as a toner for my oily skin as a moisturizing product. I have added a bit of bamboo extract to my latest version at 5% (remove 5% from the distilled water amount) as I wanted something a little more astringent and anti-irritating. I am planning to use horsetail extract at 5% the next time I make it, and I might consider using honey matte at 5% in the cool down phase after that if it's still not as matte feeling as I'd like.

Join me tomorrow for more fun formulating with gels!

Other posts in this series:
One ingredient, five products: Gels
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an aloe vera gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an eye gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part one)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part two)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part three)

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part three)

We took a look at making a gelled toner with pre-neutralized gel yesterday, but we found it a little thin. (That's not a bad thing; I just want something a bit thicker!) Let's take a look at how we could make a gelled toner from scratch!

To make a gelled toner from scratch - or other gelled products, like the eye gel or an aloe vera gel - you can add your liquid ingredients together, then add the carbomer to it.

What should we add to this version? I think I'll make this version suitable for all skin types, although those with dry skin might want to add a non-sticky humectant like 2.5% sodium lactate or sodium PCA for more moisturizing.

We took a look at date palm extract the other day, so I think I'll include that as an anti-oxidant, film former, and skin softener. I think I'll stick with the witch hazel and chamomile from the other day, although I think aloe vera at 10% or another hydrosol would be very nice. I'm including a new ingredient, bamboo extract* to the mix because it is an anti-irritant and anti-oxidant that feels astringent on our skin. I'm including panthenol because I love this stuff for anything for my skin as it offers wound healing and speeds up skin's barrier repair mechanisms while acting as a humectant.

The viscosity of this product will depend upon the amount of carbomer you use. If you want a thinner product, use 0.8% to 1% carbomer. If you want a thicker product, try 1.3% to 1.5% carbomer.

As well, you can substitute the distilled water with other liquids, like hydrosols or aloe vera. Check to see if your carbomer can handle the extra electrolytes of aloe vera and the hydrosols before using. And always use distilled water if we're not heating and holding!

GELLED TONER #2 for normal and oily skin (all skin types, really)
45.4% distilled water
20% witch hazel
20% chamomile hydrosol
5% date palm extract
5% bamboo extract
1.2% carbomer
0.9% triethanolamine (TEA)
0.5% liquid Germall Plus

Combine all the ingredients except the TEA in a container and mix until the carbomer is wetted. Wait about 5 minutes - or the amount of time suggested by your carbomer - then add the TEA. Mix well. Bottle.

As a note, this is a bit of a pain to bottle. Make sure you use a container that you can squish - like an HDPE bottle - to suck the gel into it. I put mine into a funnel, then I squished the bottle enough to make a bubble in the gel, then let go. It sucked the gel into the container. It was awesome! (Don't use a bottle like this picture. I had to pound the heck out of the bottle to get the gel in, then use a stir stick to get the rest in! What a pain in the bum!)

I liked this one. It was thicker than yesterday's version, and it didn't feel sticky on my skin. I did feel like it was on my skin an hour later as a light film. Raymond reported he liked this one a bit better. He felt it wasn't sticky, but it didn't feel like it was on his skin an hour later.

If you want to customize this product for your skin type, take a look at the skin chemistry & types section of the blog. For instance, for someone with dry skin, you might consider including a water soluble oil at 5% to 10% (like PEG-7 olive esters), a humectant (sodium lactate or sodium PCA at 2.5% or less), chamomile extract at up to 0.5% to help reduce trans-epidermal water loss, a hydrolyzed protein at up to 2% (since you won't notice the stickiness under your moisturizer or make-up), a cationic polymer like honeyquat at up to 3%, and so on. There are so many neat things you could include for your skin type! If you haven't already checked out the posts on what ingredients you could use, I encourage you to do so soon!

Here's a sample recipe I haven't tried making but could be quite nice for dry skin! There are myriad ways to customize this recipe - this is just one variation!

GELLED TONER #3 for dry skin
65.4% distilled water
10% aloe vera
10% lavender hydrosol
5% PEG-7 olive esters or another water soluble oil
2.5% sodium lactate
2% polyquat 7 or honeyquat
2% panthenol
1.2% carbomer
0.9% triethanolamine (TEA)
0.5% powdered chamomile extract
0.5% liquid Germall Plus

Dissolve the chamomile powdered extract in a bit of water, then add to the rest of the ingredients. Mix in the carbomer and allow it to become wetted. Wait 5 minutes or the requisite period of time for your carbomer, then add the TEA or 18% lye solution. Stir well. Bottle. Again, choose a bottle you can squish!

There are so many variations you could make with this product. Cosmeceuticals like niacinamide or hyaluronic acid, would be great choices. You could try making a Vitamin C serum with your gel, just make sure you choose the right type of Vitamin C! Try playing around with a variety of water soluble ingredients in your gelled toner until you find something you'll love!

Other posts in this series:
One ingredient, five products: Gels
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an aloe vera gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an eye gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part one)
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part two)

*As a quick note, I have received the bamboo extract from the Formulator Sample Shop for free. I receive no other compensation from this company to use or talk about this ingredient. I buy all the ingredients on this blog with my wages from my job, unless otherwise indicated. 

Clive mentioned that men seem to prefer gelled toners over creams or lotions, which might be "too girly" for manly men. So let's take a look at making an after shave tomorrow!

Monday, September 15, 2014

pH and conditioners

I've had quite a few of you write to ask why I don't adjust the pH of my conditioner recipes, and the answer is simple - we don't need to adjust the pH because it's in the range we want. Conditioners should be acidic with a pH below 6. All the ingredients we add to a conditioner - Incroquat BTMS-50, cetrimonium chloride, hydrolyzed proteins, cationic polymers, hydrosols, and so on - have pH levels at 7 or lower, with most below 6. When we combine these ingredients together with water, we'll have a product with a pH below 6 or an acidic product.

Why do we want acidic hair care products? Because our hair has an acidic pH. The more virgin your hair - meaning the less you've dyed, straightened, permed, or relaxed it chemically - the more acidic it is with really virgin hair registering around 3.7.

An aside: This is one of the reasons you don't want to use cold process soap on your hair. It's alkaline, with a pH above 8, which our hair doesn't really like. There are some people who can use it, but the majority will find an alkaline product makes their hair feel matted, dull, and scratchy after use. 

If you really want to adjust the pH of your hair care products, please make sure you have a pH meter. I know you can get the strips, but they just aren't accurate enough and can sometimes register pH levels one or two points off! Try using 0.1% citric acid, then testing the pH, then adding 0.1% more if you want it lower. But I don't suggest lowering the pH because you really don't need to do it. The pH of our conditioners are great the way they're made!

pH meters are well worth the investment if you're someone who wants to make loads of products! (If you want to make anti-aging lotions and potions with AHAs, this is a great investment!) Here are a few you might want to consider...
Lotioncrafter (US only)
The Herbarie (US, might ship to Canada?)
Amazon (US, might ship to Canada?)
Amazon (UK)

Related posts:
How conditioners work! 
Quick summary about damaged hair
Definition of good condition
Absorption and substantivity of conditioners

One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part two)

On Friday we took a look at a new product, a gelled toner, and figured we could make one at home using carbomers. The big difference between making a regular, liquid toner and a gelled toner will be eliminating stickier ingredients because we won't be removing it from our skin.

What kinds of things would we want to put in a gelled toner? This is the perfect place to include all kinds of water soluble ingredients like our cosmeceuticals and extracts. We have to be particular about using humectants, as they can often be sticky, and proteins.

If you want to learn more about your skin type, check out the skin chemistry & types part of the blog

I thought I'd make a basic one for my oily skin with a few different ingredients. I think this basic version would be nice for oily skin and for acne prone skin. As with any product, I want to start off with a few things in it so I can figure out what I like and don't like about it. I'm going to include witch hazel to offer moisturizing and astringency, chamomile hydrosol because I want to soothe my skin and reduce redness, and white willow bark liquid because I want something that will help with my break outs.

We'll be making this version by making up a gel first (click here for the process), then we'll add the liquid ingredients. We aren't adding more preservative because I used it in the gel, which means we have 0.35% liquid Germall Plus, a nice number within the suggested usage rate of 0.1% to 0.5%. (The math is that I used 0.5 grams in 100 grams of gel, so when I use 70 grams of gel, it contains 0.35 grams liquid Germall Plus. 0.5 x 70 = 0.35 grams.)

70% pre-made gel (thick version)
10% witch hazel
10% chamomile hydrosol
5% white willow bark

Weigh all the ingredients into a container. Mix well. Package.

Raymond's thoughts were that it didn't feel sticky going on and it didn't feel sticky on his skin an hour later. In fact, he thought that he couldn't feel it any more. I liked this one - it was a bit thinner than I would have liked it to be, but it felt nice going on without stickiness and an hour later I thought I could feel it was still there.

The only real downside of this toner is that I thought it was a little thin. There are a few things I could do about this. I could put in less liquid - let's say 5% of each thing instead of 10% - or I could make the gel from scratch using the liquids instead of water.

Join me tomorrow as we take a look at making a gelled toner from scratch instead of using a pre-neutralized carbomer!

Other posts in this series:
One ingredient, five products: Gels
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an aloe vera gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an eye gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gelled toner (part one)

Sunday, September 14, 2014

The facial products e-book is done!

The facial products e-book is done! Woo! It's 399 pages long - over 160,000 words! - and has more recipes than I can count for moisturizers, toners, cleansers of all types, scrubs, eye gels, facial sera, and more, as well as entries for extracts, preservatives, surfactants, cosmeceuticals, emulsifiers, thickeners, anti-oxidants, and essential oils, with a large oils section in the appendix.

Fun fact of the day: If this were a novel, it'd be over 800 pages long! 

Check out the table of contents to see if it contains the things you want to know the most!

If you donate $28 to our Rated T for Teen youth programs through PayPal, I'll send you out a copy of this e-book as a thank you for your generosity, as well as the preservative and oils charts. Click the button below to donate for the e-book!

What does your $28 support? All of the proceeds from this e-book go to support the Rated T for Teen youth programs Raymond and I offer at the Neighbourhood Learning Centre in Chilliwack and the Yarrow Community Centre in Yarrow, B.C. It gives us the ability to buy supplies for the groups like paper, pens, glue sticks, candle wax, surfactants, melt & pour soap, fabric, and more, as well as buying treats like carrots, vegetables, and pizza. We finally bought another sewing machine - woo! - and you'll see the results of that purchase in a few weeks when we make tote bags!

The programs are completely funded by readers like you, and we can never thank you enough for all your wonderful support. Without you, there'd be no programs! So thank you, thank you, thank you!

As a note, we used to be at the library, but we moved to the Neighbourhood Learning Centre in Chilliwack, B.C. as of September 11th! Spread the word that we've moved! 

Weekend Wonderings: Which humectants wash off skin or hair easily? What's the best way to make a label?

In this post, Better crafting through chemistry, Anna asks: Do you know which humectants except for glycerin doesn´t wash off? Hydrolyzed proteins? Hyaluronic acid? Different quats?

Great question! I have read that sodium lactate and sodium PCA wash off, but I've not heard that glycerin washes off. Hydrolyzed proteins and cationic polymers are substantive, meaning they will adsorb to your skin and hair and resist being washed off. (Click here for adsorption and substantivity.)

As an aside, hydrolyzed proteins and (most) cationic polymers aren't actually humectants in that they don't draw water from the atmosphere to your skin. Hydrolyzed proteins tend to film form on your skin or penetrate your hair to moisturize from the inside. Cationic polymers are substantive, meaning they form a very light film on you rhair or skin through attraction of negative and positive charges. Only honeyquat is considered also a humectant.

In this post, making a facial serum, Kirsten asks: Label printing has been a big obstacle for me. I want a professional looking finish, and am not sure what sort of label printer would give me that. Or if I should get labels done by a commercial printer. The only problem with that is having to then always use the same ingredients.... any advice? I do want to be able to sell a small amount of my product.

I currently use an Epson Workforce 4020 not-all-in-one printer and I love it. The ink is waterproof, so I don't need to use a spray or anything to keep it looking nice, and it would be extra-waterproofy if you used a waterproof label like these ones from Avery. (That's if you need waterproofing for things like body washes or shampoos. Non-waterproof ones will work well with lotions and whipped butters and the like.) Get a program to make a template label - Avery has them at that link or you could use Word, Print Shop, Publisher, and so on - and design something awesome! If you can't design something awesome - like me - find someone and pay them to design something awesome as a template for you. It is worth the money to get something that represents you as a formulator and your company that you can use for all time, even when you get big and famous and forget about us little people!

I know it's not an option for someone selling products, but I find putting packing tape over a label keeps it looking lovely in the shower! 

Dear readers, please share your thoughts on how you make labels! I'm sure you have something wonderful to add to this conversation!

Related posts:
Aesthetics of our products - label making
Creating products: Labelling

Join us tomorrow as we enjoy making more things with gel, like our gelled toner!

Saturday, September 13, 2014

Write a review! Win an e-book! Here are this week's winners!

A few weeks ago, I asked you to submit your reviews of recipes on this blog for a chance to win an e-book! And review you have! A huge, giant, massive thanks to those of you who have offered your thoughts and recipes with me and the readers of this blog.

A big thanks to Ann for her review of the ridiculously moisturizing body wash! 
A huge thank you to Sanziene for this recipe using Olivem 1000!
A massive thanks to Sarah for this review of using Multifruit BSC with different emulsifiers!
A large thanks to Ella for this review of using coconut oil in conditioners! 
A tremendous thanks to Susanna Originals for this review of formulating facial moisturizers! 
A ginormous thanks to Winnie for her review of the facial moisturizer with hemp seed oil! 

This week, I'm offering each of you an e-book of your choice, including the soon-to-be issued facial products e-book. Just send me an e-mail to and let me know what you want! Thanks to everyone for taking the time to write these reviews. If you'd like to get in on the action, check out this post and share the recipes you've tried from this blog! I'll be randomly drawing names from those who offer reviews this week next Saturday!

I've also decided that at the end of this review period - whenever that will be - I'll be offering random drawings of all the names of all those who offered recipes for e-books! I really appreciate your hard work. You're giving me a sense of what you really want to learn and know from this blog!

Weekend Wonderings: Making a coconut oil whipped butter? How to use preneutralized carbomer?

In this post on whipped butters, Selah asks:  I would like to make a whipped body butter with just these ingredients: coconut oil, beeswax, vitamin e oil and essential oils. Would you happen to know a good ratio to use for a whipped body butter like that? FWIW: I made one yesterday that had a slightly too thick consistency, but it was also super greasy/oily and took about 20 minutes for it to fully soak in to the skin. I was hoping to find a ratio for beeswax/coconut oil that would end up in a smoother finished product that is less oily. thank you in advance!

Why do you want to use those ingredients? I ask because coconut oil is not a good oil from which to make a whipped anhydrous (non-water containing_ butter as it melts at slightly above room temperature. (I suspect that's why you want to ues the beeswax.) If you want to try this as a body butter, you can start with 10% beeswax and 90% coconut oil and see if it gives you the texture and consistency you want. If not, then try with 20% beeswax. Then 25% or 30%. And so on. You will have to do some testing of this in places that might be slightly warmer, like your kitchen or bathroom after a shower, to see if it holds up in the heat before putting it in your purse or in an overnight bag!

Here's the thing - you won't get something that is less oily because coconut oil is oily and it makes up the majority of the product. The skin feel of a product is dependent upon its ingredients, and when you use an oil as the main ingredient that oil's skin feel will likely be the skin feel of the product. If I use shea butter as the main ingredient in a whipped butter, I'll have a greasier feeling product than if I used mango butter as the main ingredient. Beeswax will help make a product stiffer, but it won't make it feel less greasy.

My two cents? If you really must have coconut oil in a whipped butter, consider using it with another butter. Choose something that will stiffen the product, like mango butter, shea butter, cocoa butter or another one of these exotic butters at something like 20% to 35% and see how it works out for you. The butter should stiffen the coconut oil enough to be thicker. That's what I did with this babaussu whipped butter - which has melting points very much like coconut oil - and it was awesome!

Related posts:
Coconut oil? Coconut oil! 
A quick note about coconut oil and warm temperatures

In this post, Gels (revised for 2013), Lisa asks:  I found Sodium Carbomer - Preneutralized Carbomer at Lotioncrafter. If I'm reading it right, I shouldn't have to use a lye solution or triethanolamine? Am I correct? If so, any idea what the basic recipe would be then? I'm so bad at math. Thanks in advance if you can help. 

Yes, this is a pre-neutralized carbomer, meaning it comes to you in a gelled format that you would add to other ingredients to make gelled products!

It depends upon the thickness of the gel, but you would just add other ingredients to it and mix. You can see a number of these recipes in the one ingredient, five products: gel series that I've been writing this week. (Go to that post and hit "newer post" to see the next post!) Or check out these other posts on using gels in our products!

Related posts:

Join me tomorrow for more fun formulating!

Friday, September 12, 2014

I'm teaching at Voyageur again this season!

I had such a good time teaching at Voyageur last year, I thought I should do it again! I'll be teaching classes based on my four e-books - Back to Basics, anhydrous products; Hair Care Products, shampoo, conditioner, and leave in conditioner; Lotion Making 101, with lotions and creams; and Facial Products (coming shortly), with gels, serums, moisturizers, cleansers, and toners. Each class is a full day, and you'll get to take home a copy of the appropriate e-book, too!

The picture to the left is of the oil bar we have set up at the classes so you can try each oil out for its skin feel, viscosity, colour, fragrance, and so on. It's a great way to get to know your ingredients! 

If you want to sign up, click here for the class schedule, and give Voyageur Soap & Candle a call!

One ingredient, five products: Gels - making a gel toner (part one)

I've heard from a few people that gel toners are all the rage right now, so I thought we should try to formulate one.

As an aside, I have turned a toner into a gelled toner in the past using Amaze XT, but I'm hearing that it's hard to find this ingredient, so it's time to do it with something easier to find like carbomer. 

What are we looking for in a gelled toner or hydration serum? I took a look at some different brands and found that they were to be used after cleansing but before moisturizing. They are meant to soothe dry skin and balance oily skin. It behaves as an extra layer of moisture between your skin and your moisturizer. They are intended to dry quickly so you can apply a moisturizer, and they don't feel sticky. They seem to be marketed mostly for normal to dry skin to help with moisturizing, but there are a few versions intended for oily skin that promise to shrink pores or reduce sebum levels.  They might be used as a cleanser for sensitive or dry skin as well. They're filled with loads of botanical ingredients and cosmeceuticals. Being a gel, you might use less when putting it on a cotton pad than when you're using something liquid. A gel toner could contain exfoliating ingredients, too.

I've also learned that these things are expensive! They seem to be at least $50 for 1.7 ounces (about 50 ml) , which completely shocked me. I have to say, though, I don't buy cosmetics or toiletries - except for deodorant, toothpaste, and mascara - so maybe this is normal? I see L'Oreal has a version that's less than $10 for 200 ml, though, and I found a few other inexpensive versions, so I'm less scared now! 

How does a gelled toner differ from the formulation of a regular, liquid toner? It appears that the big difference is that it's gelled. A toner can do everything a gelled toner can do, so I'm not seeing a huge difference between the two. The only difference I can see is that it appears a gelled toner isn't intended to be removed with a cotton pad. It is left on the skin as a layer of moisturizing. (Considering that this is how I use my toners, as a moisturizer in place of an oily moisturizer, this isn't a big difference to me!)

In making one of these, I'll want to choose ingredients that offer moisturizing, hydrating, soothing, anti-oxidant, and other qualities, which is what I'd do for a regular toner. I would modify it for different skin types - for instance, anti-inflammatory properties for reddened skin, astringent ingredients for oily skin, hydrating and moisturizing ingredients for dry skin - and I would make sure that everything is water soluble so I don't have to use a sticky solubilizer.

How do we make one? We need to make a toner and gel it. We can create a gel in a few different ways, including using gums, but since I'm writing a series on carbomers and I'm not the biggest fan of gums, I'll use a carbomer!

Join me on Monday for fun formulating a gelled toner! If you can't wait, check out the posts below and add some gel to them.! Or check out this example from Lubrizol for an astringent toner using alcohol at 20% using carbomer.

Other posts in this series:
One ingredient, five products: Gels
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an aloe vera gel
One ingredient, five products: Gels - making an eye gel

Related posts: