If you want to make a hand cleanser that contains a lot of essential oils or very light oils - for instance, this d-Limonene foaming hand cleanser - your choice should be polysorbate 20. If you want to incorporate something like d-Limonene into cleaning products, again polysorbate 20 is your choice! Or if you have a toner or water based spray you like but want some essential oils or extra fragrance in there, you can add equal parts polysorbate 20 to the mix and solubilize those oils!
The nice thing about using the polysorbates in cleaning products is the very mild non-ionic cleansing they offer as well as the suppression of foam. You don't want a ton of foam on your kitchen counter as you're trying to get last night's spaghetti sauce off the tiles! So we can use these ingredients for the possibly unwanted effects in certain products.
This spray is one of the easiest products you can make, and it's always a big hit in my craft group!
BASIC WATER BASED FRAGRANCE SPRAY
97.5% to 98% distilled water
1% polysorbate 20
1% fragrance or essential oil
0.5% to 1% preservative
Mix polysorbate 20 and fragrance oil together in a small container. Pour the water into a mister bottle, then pour the polysorbate 20 and fragrance oil into it. Shake well. Rejoice and enjoy.
If you want to make a dispersible bath oil, polysorbate 80 is your first choice, because it's all about solubilizing the carrier oils.
BASIC BATH OIL RECIPE
78% oils of choice
20% polysorbate 80 (emulsifier)
2% fragrance or essential oil
Mix your oils together, add the polysorbate 80. Add 2% fragrance or essential oil. If you are using oils with a 6 month or less shelf life, please add 0.5% to 1% Vitamin E to the bath oil.
And if you want to make a bath melt, you'd turn to polysorbate 80 to help solubilize the carrier oils in the tub!
BATH MELT WITH EMULSIFIER
16% citric acid
32% cocoa or shea or mango butter
45% baking soda
5% liquid emulsifier (like polysorbate 80) or e-wax or Polawax
1 to 2% fragrance oil
Melt the cocoa or shea butter in a heat proof container in a double boiler until liquid. Remove from the double boiler, then add the baking soda and citric acid and stir well. Add oil soluble colouring (powdered chocolate colouring or micas), fragrance oil, and the polysorbate 80. Pour into molds and let set. If you can set them in the fridge, all the better: They'll be harder sooner, and, if you're using all cocoa butter, they will get a lovely shine that makes them look even more chocolate-y.
If you want to add oils to your body wash, here's a link for that! You'd use the same directions to add it to a shampoo.
Join me tomorrow for the esterific wrap-up!