Click here for part one...)
Seeds: You can find a variety of seeds at our suppliers, and you'll have to check which ones stay crunchy even in water! Ask your supplier for the suggested usage rates. I'm loving cranberry seeds right now, and I added them at 13% in the cool down phase of my oil based scrub and I really liked that! (This was for a hand scrub, so I used more than I would for my face!) I've seen blueberry, strawberry, cranberry, raspeberry, kiwi, pomegranate, and grape seeds available for scrubby goodness.
Clay: This a great choice as a very mild exfoliant. Some clays will dissolve in water, so you might want to reserve those clays for dry scrubs to which you would add water right before application. (Look for more about clays in the next few days!) I've made nice clay masks out of lotion recipes and the clay added some nice viscosity to the product. (I used kaolin and rhassoul clay - more soon!)
Baking soda: This was mentioned by quite a few people, and I really like to use it in foot scrub bars with pumice. It won't dissolve in oils, but it will dissolve in water. This is a great choice for a dry scrub to which you might add water just before application or an oil based scrub. It will dissolve in water and could raise the pH slightly, so keep it away from water based scrubs or products!
Aluminum Oxide - Dermabrasion Crystals: These are white aluminum oxide crystals I found at Lotioncrafter (although they might be found at other suppliers). They are used at 1% to 10% in your water or oil based products. They are 120 size grit (102 microns). The supplier notes we must not be aggressive with these and advises we shouldn't use AHAs or retinoids on reddened skin. (For more information visit Lotioncrafter and read the listing.)
Brambleberry. Click there for more information.)
Vanilla bean specks (INCI: Vanilla planifolia (vanilla) bean seeds): Created from ground vanilla bean pods that are dried and sifted. Use this dark brown fine powder at up to 50% in your anhydrous products. Try it first in your product in a small amount as it seems like these specks would get soggy in water. (Found this at Creations from Eden.)
Anyone have experience with these last two powders? Comment below!
Always consider the skin type of the person for whom the product is being made. Every skin type can handle a little exfoliation, so it is a matter of finding the right exfoliant and level. For my sensitive, acne prone skin, I like to use lower levels of smaller and finer exfoliant, like jojoba beads or cranberry seeds. I've tried low levels of dermabrasian crytals and that worked well also. Other people might be fine with shells or salt. My mom's best friend used my foot scrub bar with pumice in her face and liked it!
Always start at the lower amount - say 3% to 5% - and work your way up to using more. My best friend and I will make the cleanser or moisturizer first, then we remove about 95 grams of the product and add the exfoliant to it, then try it. If it feels lovely and scrubby, we leave it that way. If it isn't scrubby enough, we add more. If it is too scrubby, we add more product. Measure every single time you add something so you can make it the same next time!
Join me tomorrow as we take a look at some oils you might want to consider as the base of an oil based scrub.
Remember that I have no affiliation with any retailer, and I offer this information based on my own experience or interest. Lotioncrafter does offer my e-books through its site, which is very lovely, but I don't have any other affiliation with Jen or her company. Having said that, I've shopped at Lotioncrafter, Brambleberry/Otion, and Creations from Eden and I was most pleased with the service and ingredients I bought. Okay, this disclaimer is getting a little long, but I want you to know that I was not rewarded in any way for writing this post. Except for the reward of feedback from you, my wonderful readers!